銀行機房

 機房專用空調    |      2016-04-06
 
  • 銀行機房系統概述 (Overview of e-government system of computer room)
銀行機房動力設備包括:低壓自動切換系統、低壓配電系統、機房防雷及接地系統、交流不間斷電源系統、機房環境調節系統、動力設備及環境監控系統等,在部分采用直流用電的傳輸等設備的電子政務機房中,還需要加入直流不間斷電源系統。
The power equipment in bank computer system includes: low voltage automatic switching system, low voltage distribution system, lightning protection and grounding system, AC uninterrupted power supply system, environmental control system, power equipment and environmental monitoring system. Some parts of DC power transmission in e-government system of computer room also need the DC uninterrupted power supply system.
  1. 典型的銀行機房原理圖(見圖1)
Typical bank computer system layout (see figure 1)

圖1 典型電子政務機房布局圖
低壓自動切換系統 (Low voltage automatic switching system)
數據設備 (Data equipment)
交流不間斷電源系統 (AC UPS)
低壓配電系統 (Low voltage power distribution system)
空氣調節系統 (Air conditioning)
直流不間斷電源系統 (DC UPS)
動力設備及環境監控系統 (Power equipment and environmental monitoring system)
機房環境低壓配電系統 (Environmental low voltage power distribution system)
市電輸入 (AC input)
備用輸入 (Backup input)
防雷及防浪湧系統 (Lightning protection and anti surge system)
  1. 銀行機房典型布局圖(見圖2)
Typical bank computer system layout (see figure 2)

圖2 典型電子政務機房電氣原理圖
  1. 空氣調節系統 (Air conditioning system)
金融中心空氣調節系統分為:(The bank computer center of air conditioning system is divided into)
精密空調容量選擇:(The Selection of precision air conditioning’s capacity)
機房精密空調系統,用于數據機房、電力室等關鍵場所,為重要的關鍵的設備提供精密控制的恒溫恒濕環境,保障設備的正常工作。
The precision air conditioning system for computer room is used in data room and power room which provide precise control of constant temperature and humidity environment and ensure the normal operation of equipment.
舒适空調及新風系統,用于監控室、工作區等,主要為工作人員提供一個舒适的工作環境。世界最早研制和生産機房精密空調的廠家,在1964 年研制出世界第一台恒溫恒濕精密專用空調,開創了世界機房精密空調的先河。今天,在全球提供的機房精密空調超過20 萬套,保護全球各地重要設備的安全可靠運行。
Comfortable air-conditioning and ventilation system are used for control room and work areas which mainly provide a comfortable environment for the staff. The company is the first world's company to research and produce the precision air conditioning. In 1964 it developed the first world's constant temperature and humidity air conditioner becoming the world precedent of precision air conditioning. Today, the company provided more than 200000 sets of precision air conditioning in the global market for computer room and the protection of the safe and reliable operation of important equipment all over the world.
銀行機房應用場合,通常主機房面積<200m*m,建議選用Himod 系列機房精密空調。
The room of bank that the housing area is less than 200m2 is suggested the use of Himod series.
Himod系列精密空調專為數據機房、通訊機房及計算機房中使用的精密電子設備而設計制造。其制冷量範圍從20kW~101kW,模塊式可靈活組合,完全滿足銀行機房的高标準要求。
Himod series is made for the data center, communication room, and computer room. The refrigerating capacity range is from 20kW to 101kW, and the module can be combined flexibly that fully meets the requirements of high standards.
 
 精密空調容量選擇:(The selection of precision air conditioning’s capacity)
  • 服務器/數據設備室估算:在一個中型的金融機房中,數據設備室通常的面積小于200 平方,在數據設備、機房的建築熱量沒有确定下來之前,可以按照金融機房通用的估計方法進行機房空調制冷量的預估:500w~600w/平方米,部分高容量機房達到800w/平方米。例如數據室的面積為200平方米,則所需的制冷量約為:100kw。選用2 台單機制冷量58.7kw 的55UA 空調,總制冷量為117.4kw,滿足要求。為保證設備的工作可靠性,增加一台冗餘機組,共3 台。當機房設備、維護結構确定後,對設備的發熱量、維護面積的熱量核算,調整空調的配置。
Estimation of the server / data equipment in the room: in a medium-sized financial machine room, the data equipment in the room is usually smaller than 200m2. If the heat of the data equipment and room in the  building is not finalized, it can estimate the refrigeration quantity of air conditioning in accordance with the method to estimate the general financial room: 500W ~ 600w/m2, part of the high capacity room up to 800w/m2. For example, the data room area of 200m2, the requirement of cooling capacity is about: 100kw. It could use 2 single units with the refrigerating capacity of 58.7kw which is total 117.4kw refrigerating capacity to meet the requirements of. In order to ensure the working reliability of the equipment, adding a redundant unit, a total of 3 units, is necessary. When the equipment and maintenance of the structure is determined, the quantity of heat for the equipment and maintenance area is calculated to adjust the configuration of air conditioner.
 
舒适空調選擇:(The selection of air conditioning)
如果大樓沒有安裝中央空調,建議采用櫃式普通空調或戶式中央空調,為工作人員提供一個舒适的工作環境,其容量根據面積選擇。
If there is no installation of central air-conditioning in the building, the cabinet of common air conditioner or household central air conditioning is suggested to use in order to provide a comfortable environment for the staff and its capacity according to the area of choice.
  • 電池室:為保障電池的性能,電池室的溫度必須在20-25 度之間,建議選用2台3P 櫃式空調,兩台空調輪流工作。
The battery chamber: In order to protect the performance of the battery, the temperature must be between 20-25 degrees in the battery chamber. It is suggested the use of 2 sets of 3P air conditioning, two air conditioning units to work by turns.
  • 監控室、工作區等:根據面積選擇空調大小和型号。
Control rooms, work areas: selection of the air conditioning according to the size and type.
 
  • 空氣調節系統 (Air conditioning system)
Himod系列專為計算機、服務器、交換機等關鍵設備設計,高度可靠、優異制冷性能和易維護設計,為各種小型、中型到大型的機房或數據中心提供完善的溫、濕度控制,能夠确保在此環境運行的敏感電子設備工作的可靠性。
Himod series is designed for computers, servers, switches and other key equipment. It has high reliability, excellent performance and easy maintenance for a variety of small, medium to large room or data center that provides the perfect temperature and humidity control to ensure the reliability of sensitive electronic equipment.
  1. 特點:(advantage)
設計方式: (design)
--大風量設計,帶走機器所發熱量。較高的蒸發溫度(140C)、較小的溫降、更高的壓縮機效率,顯效比高達96.8%,基本為等濕降溫;
Large air flow, take away the heat machine. Evaporation of high temperature (140C), a small temperature drop, the higher the efficiency of the compressor, effective ratio as high as 96.8%, such as basic as wet cooling;
--全封閉旋轉式壓縮機,高效、低噪音、更少的洩漏點及維護(對比半封閉或活塞壓縮機)。
A full closed rotary compressor has high efficiency, low noise, less leakage and less maintenance (compared with semi closed or piston compressors).
--蒸發器采用不粘水塗層表面處理技術,使得熱交換更直接高效,整機能效比高達1:4。
Evaporator with non stick water coating surface treatment technology improves the heat exchange more directly and efficiently, and the energy efficiency ratio is up to 1:4.
--大蒸發器面積,使得低風速及低風壓降得以實現。
Large area of evaporator realizes the low wind speed and low pressure drop.
--小占地面積,節省機房寶貴空間;全正面維護,設備可靠牆放置。全球獨創徑向離心直驅風機,設在空調中部,空調下部作為消噪音的靜壓箱,以避免風機設在底部直接吹向地面引起的空氣擾動。
Small area saves the valuable space. All frontal maintenance allows that equipment can be placed against the wall. The original radial direct wind located in the central of air conditioning and the plenum noise located in the lower of air conditioning, avoids the airflow of fan that is arranged at the bottom blowing directly to the ground caused by air turbulence.
--風壓在現場連續可調,範圍從20Pa到350Pa,滿足各種送風環境。
Pressure is adjustable in the field with the ranging from 20Pa to 350Pa to meet a variety of airflow.
--與皮帶式風機相比:更高效-可忽略的傳輸損耗;低噪音-更小的震動;更少的維護-不必周期性更換皮帶及必要的皮帶調整;更潔淨的機房-皮帶磨下的粉塵(對機器及人員極有害)會随着送風帶入機房空間。
To compare with belt type fan, the transmission is more efficiently – loss negligible, low noise and less vibration, less maintenance - not necessarily periodic replacement of the belt and the necessary belt adjustment. The belt grinding dust will flow (extremely harmful to the machine and personnel) into the room.
--電極加濕:高效……高于90%;濕度控制精确……響應時間快;适應一般水質。
The advantage of electrode type humidifier is high efficiency which is over than 90% and high humidity control precision that has fast response time to adapt to the general water quality.
--對比紅外加濕:紅外加濕效率低-60%;響應慢;更換部件費用昂貴;對水質有一定要求。
Comparison of infrared humidifier, the infrared humidifying efficiency is lower than 60% and has slow response time. The replacement parts of infrared humidifier are very expensive and there are certain requirements on water quality.
--對比超聲波加濕:超聲波加濕産生的是氣霧對設備有害、且容易造成細菌滋生。
Comparison of ultrasonic humidification, the ultrasonic humidification is generated aerosol on equipment and easy to cause harmful bacteria.
   
單元化設計:(modular design)
--更有效的運行..因其機器内部的發熱部件(壓縮機、加濕器等)與風道隔離,熱傳遞限制到最小。
It has more efficient operation. Because the heating parts inside the machine (compressor, humidifier, etc.) are isolated with air tunnel, the heat transfer is reached to the minimum.
--可在設備運行時進行維護..因風道與部件單元隔離;
It can be maintained when the machine is in operation. The air tunnel is isolated with parts of unit;
--出風口處設計成靜壓箱方式以減低氣流擾動,降低噪音指标。全新控制(采用HIROMATIC智能化圖形控制器)。
The air outlet is designed as the plenum to reduce air flow disturbance and the noise index. The new controller is used the HIROMATIC (intelligent graphics controller).
--更友好的人機對話功能;提供直觀的運行狀況;精密地控制溫濕度變化。
User friendly human-machine dialogue function provides the intuitive status of operation and precision control of temperature and humidity.
--提供20頁60條帶時間記錄的狀态報告;夜間及節假日自動執行低功耗運行,節能、延長設備壽命;最多可進行128台聯網;微機監控方便。
Provide 20 to 60 pages of status report; low power operation automatically executes the night and holidays for energy saving and prolong the service life of equipment; up to 128 network is convenient for computer monitoring.
  1. 多種冷卻方式:(multiple cooling mode)
空氣冷卻系統:(air cooling system)
為了保證整個系統工作的可靠及高效,需根據室外環境溫度匹配合适的空氣 冷凝器。為了防止在運輸過程中潮氣及雜物的侵入,機組已經在出廠前預先充注了幹燥的氮氣。在安裝機組時需注意機組的氣管和液管,要根據冷凝器的安裝距離,選擇規格合适且符合制冷要求的銅管。
In order to ensure the whole system is reliable and efficient, according to the outdoor environmental temperature finds suitable matching air condenser. In order to prevent the intrusion of moisture and impurities in the transport process, unit has been in the factory pre filled with dry nitrogen. In the installation of unit should pay attention to set pipe and the liquid pipe, according to the installation distance of the condenser, choose suitable specification and in accordance with the requirements of refrigeration copper tube.
水冷卻系統:(water cooling system)
配有水量調節閥的水冷凝器安裝在室内的主機中,根據主機模塊的數量及制冷量選擇合适的冷卻水塔配合使用。
The water condenser is equipped with a water regulating valve installed in the interior of the machine, according to the number of host module and cooling capacity selects appropriate choice of cooling tower.
乙二醇冷卻系統:(ethylene glycol cooling system)
與水冷系統一樣,冷凝器安裝在室内主機中,不同的是機組分别配有獨立的幹冷器。當室外環境溫度低于攝氏“零”度以下時,需在水中加入不同濃度的乙二醇溶液。每個室内機組可以配用一套泵組和幹冷器,也可以采用“主備”機替換使用的方式。
As with the water cooling system, condenser is installed inside the unit.  Different sets are respectively equipped with independent dry cooler. When the outdoor temperature is below zero Celsius degrees, the ethylene glycol is added into different concentration of water. Each indoor unit can be equipped with a pump and dry cooler, and can also use the "main" machine to replace the use of way.
冷凍水系統:(frozen water system)
冷凍水系統就是在室内主機中裝有冷凍水盤管,以冷水機組提供的冷凍水作為冷源,對機房進行恒溫、恒濕控制。
The frozen water system is provided with chilled water coil inside the unit. To provide frozen water is as cold source to control the temperature and humidity for computer room.